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Economy in Brief
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by Robert Brusca April 14, 2017
Japan's industrial output has bounced strongly in February, gaining 3.2% after a 2.1% January drop and making gains in two of the last three months. Combined mining and manufacturing output has growth rates skimming along at or above the 7% mark. Manufacturing alone sees growth up from about 6.6% to 7% from 12-month to three-month.
All three sectors consumer goods, intermediate goods and investment goods show solid-to-strong rates of growth over various spans of 12-month, six-month and three-month. There are no clear acceleration or deceleration trends in play. But sector output has growth at rates ranging from 5% to 10% annualized for the three sectors over these three time horizons. All of that is pretty solid stuff.
One place that improvement is very clear is in comparing Japan's current 12-month growth rates by sector to their corresponding 12-month rates of growth of one year ago. On that comparison, Japan seems to have a wholly new economy.
In the quarter-to-date, both manufacturing and the combined mining and manufacturing sectors show growth at a 4.7% annual rate. That is quite solid since these data already are adjusted for inflation. Growth in the 4.5% to 5% range is quite good. Japan is doing this with China, its major trading partner, still not firing on all cylinders
Viewed by sector, Japan's output is being led this quarter by intermediate goods with output up at a 7.5% pace in the current quarter followed by investment goods at a 3.1% pace and consumer goods output at a 2.7% pace.
Despite a grouping of very solid growth rates, Japan is still far from being in a position of generating any economic tightness. Manufacturing output is only at 86.5% of its past cycle peak. Intermediate goods have the highest sector ratio of current output to peak at 87.8% and investment goods have the lowest rate at 81.5%. Outside of manufacturing, mining has a ratio to peak output of 75.7%.
Japan is showing some solid-to-strong growth. It has no capacity issues. But it is still firmly fixed on its efforts to rid the economy of deflation. BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda continues to endorse Japan's stimulus polices and there has been no hint of dismantling or unwinding any of them despite language or movement along those lines by the Federal Reserve in the U.S., by the ECB in Europe and at the Bank of England.